Button 3 Button 1 Button 2 Button 4 Button 5 Button 6
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • Google
630-932-9100
Free Initial Consultation 630-932-9100
Mevorah Law Offices LLC
630-932-9100
DuPage County Attorneys

LOMBARD

900 E. Roosevelt Road, Lombard, IL 60148

Phone: 630-932-9100

BLOOMINGDALE

134 N. Bloomingdale Road, Bloomingdale, IL 60108

Phone: 630-529-4761

ST. CHARLES

333 N. Randall Road, Suite 104, St. Charles, IL 60175

Phone: 630-443-0600

JOLIET

58 N. Chicago Street, Suite 500, Joliet, IL 60432

Phone: 815-727-4500

CHICAGO

105 W. Madison Street, Suite 2200, Chicago, IL 60602

Phone: 630-932-9100

The Precariousness of Temporary Protected Status

Posted on in Immigration
  • Font size: Larger Smaller
  • Hits: 124
  • Print

Chicago immigration lawyers, TPS, temporary protected status, undocumented immigrant, current immigration law, skilled foreign nationalsSince the passage of the Immigration Act of 1990, it has been in the purview of first the Attorney General, later the Secretary of Homeland Security, to grant Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to nationals of countries which have experienced significant natural disasters, ongoing armed conflicts, or other conditions that make it dangerous for nationals abroad to return home. As of this writing, there are 10 countries whose nationals receive TPS, but discussion in recent months has underlined the precarious nature of such a status. If you are under TPS now, it is critical that you understand how and when that status is granted and when it can be rescinded.

Requirements for TPS

Once the Secretary of Homeland Security has granted TPS to the nationals of a specific country, those people who are currently physically present in the United States may apply for benefits. However, mere physical presence is not sufficient to satisfy the requirements for status.

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) states four main criteria you must meet to qualify. They are:

  • Being either a national of a country under TPS status or a stateless person who last habitually resided in the country;
  • Filing the application and relevant documents within the appropriate time frame, or being granted leave to file late;
  • Having been continuously physically present in the United States since the last time your country was designated for TPS; and
  • Continually residing in the U.S. since the last designation date for your country.

While “brief, casual and innocent” trips out of the country are considered acceptable, any stay longer than approximately a week is enough to break a ‘continuous residence.’ There are other factors that can be immediate grounds for refusal of Temporary Protected Status as well, such as having two misdemeanors or a felony on your record, being inadmissible under the relevant sections of the Immigration & Nationality Act (INA), and being subject to a bar for past conduct like participating in oppression.

TPS Does Not Grant Legal Status

If you receive TPS, you are generally permitted to apply for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) and support yourself during this period. However, it is imperative to understand that TPS expires if the Secretary of Homeland Security decides enough has changed in that country not to renew, and there is nothing you may do to change that. If you were undocumented before TPS was granted to nationals of your country, you will become undocumented again if you are still in the U.S. when TPS is lifted.

For example, in the wake of the Rwandan genocide in 1994, Rwandans were granted TPS from approximately June 1995 to the end of 1997. Toward the end of 1997, it was determined that the conditions in Rwanda had changed enough so that nationals abroad could safely return home, so TPS was lifted. Any Rwandan who had not had lawful status before being granted TPS reverted back to that after the designation expired, with all the attendant legal problems like inadmissibility. As of this writing, Haiti’s TPS designation has recently been extended to January 2018, but all recipients must re-register and re-apply for their EADs. Because of this, many are already laboring under the misapprehension that they will have some kind of status after TPS expires, but this is not the case.

Ask an Immigration Attorney for Help

TPS is a humanitarian status granted when the situation in a country is too volatile for its nationals to safely return. It is a temporary courtesy, not a grant of residency or citizenship, and if you misunderstand or are misinformed you may wind up being barred or even deported. The Chicago immigration lawyers at Mevorah Law Offices LLC can help answer your questions and suggest a suitable path forward for you and your family. Call our offices today to set up a free consultation.

Sources:

https://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/temporary-protected-status#Eligibility%20Requirements

https://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/temporary-protected-status/temporary-protected-status-designated-country-haiti

  • DuPage County Immigration Lawyers
  • Elite Lawyers
  • National Association of Distinguished Counsel
  • Top 40 Under 40
  • 2015 Top 40 Lawyers Under 40
  • Super Lawyers

Let us start helping you with a FREE initial consultation.

NOTE: Fields with a * indicate a required field.
*
*
*

One Stop For All Your Legal Needs

Whether you are going through a divorce, injured in an accident, need to file a workers' compensation claim, charged with a crime, immigrating to the United States, or need to file for bankruptcy, Mevorah Law Offices LLC can help. Our trial lawyers have over 35 years of experience helping clients throughout Northern Illinois from five offices in Lombard, Bloomindale, Joliet, St. Charles, and Chicago.

Steven Mevorah has assembled experienced attorneys under one roof so that his clients need not search for a new attorney each time they need help. Mr. Mevorah has also established a wide network of additional attorneys so that his clients merely need to stop by Mevorah Law Offices LLC to find the attorney they need.

Client Focused Representation

Our practice is focused on meeting your needs with flexible hours and locations to serve you:

  • Free initial consultations
  • Saturday and evening appointments available
  • Home and hospital visits if your injuries prevent you from traveling
  • Multiple locations throughout Chicagoland
  • Veteran trial attorneys
  • Experienced negotiators
  • Payment plans available
  • Cash, check, or credit card accepted