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Mevorah Law Offices LLC
DuPage County Attorneys


900 E. Roosevelt Road, Lombard, IL 60148

Phone: 630-932-9100


134 N. Bloomingdale Road, Bloomingdale, IL 60108

Phone: 630-529-4761


333 N. Randall Road, Suite 104, St. Charles, IL 60175

Phone: 630-443-0600


58 N. Chicago Street, Suite 500, Joliet, IL 60432

Phone: 815-727-4500


105 W. Madison Street, Suite 2200, Chicago, IL 60602

Phone: 630-932-9100

The Best of a Bad Situation: Voluntary Departure

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expired visa, foreign national, immigration judge, Mevorah Law Offices LLC, order of removal, voluntary departureRemoval proceedings are one of the most terrifying situations a person can experience, especially if you have family and friends in the United States. If your visa is expired or if you find yourself otherwise ineligible to stay in the U.S., there are steps you can take to make your life easier, even if you cannot stay in the country. Sometimes, your attorney may advise you to accept voluntary departure, to make things easier at a later date.

Voluntary departure is a process in which a foreign national voluntarily leaves the country, either without an order of removal being issued at all, or, if given the option, before a final order of removal is issued. It is an option for those who are appearing before an immigration judge, and do not think they will win the right to stay in the United States.

Usually, if voluntary departure is granted, you will be given 120 days to wind up your affairs and depart. There is a provision in the law, however, which allows a waiver of the 120 days if the foreign national is receiving medical treatment in the country.

There are a few reasons why voluntary departure is a good idea. The primary reason is that if you are issued a final removal order from an immigration judge, you may be subject to a bar on re-entering the United States for up to ten years, depending on the circumstances of your case. If you voluntarily depart before any order goes on the books, you will not have an automatic bar.


Eligibility for voluntary departure is usually determined by a set of criteria, depending on when you ask for it. The criteria are different if you request voluntary departure before, during, or after removal proceedings.

If you request voluntary departure before the beginning of removal proceedings, you must:

  • Concede that you are removable under the applicable law;
  • Waive all other possible requests for relief;

  • Waive any appeal of any issue;

  • Not have been convicted of any aggravated felony or be any security risk; and

  • Show you have the financial ability to voluntarily depart.

Voluntary departure granted before a hearing usually provides 120 days before an applicant is required to leave. If you request voluntary departure during or after removal proceedings, when USCIS has already gone to the trouble of conducting a hearing, the requirements are different. After a hearing, you must:

  • Show physical presence in the U.S. for one year after a Notice to Appear was issued;
  • Show clear and convincing evidence that you have the financial ability and intent to depart;

  • Pay a bond (usually $500 if required);

  • Show you had good moral character for the five years before the application; and

  • Prove you have a valid travel document in order to return to your home country.

If voluntary departure is granted after a hearing, it usually only grants 60 days before an applicant must depart, and is usually at the foreign national’s own expense.

If you are in need of more information on voluntary departure, we can help. Please contact Mevorah Law Offices LLC in DuPage County, IL today.

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