Blog posts tagged in Chicago deportation defense lawyers
Whether an immigrant is documented or undocumented, he or she may one day receive what the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) calls a Notice To Appear (NTA). Receiving an NTA does not automatically mean that someone is going to be deported, but it does alert the recipient that there has been an alleged violation of immigration law. If you receive an NTA, it is imperative that you understand what it actually means, and why you may be on the proverbial hook. If you do not, it will harm your ability to put on a good defense.
The sole reason why you might receive an NTA is because the U.S. government believes you are removable (deportable) from the country, for whatever legal reason. This does not only apply to undocumented immigrants; if someone enters the country legally and then overstays, or has committed a crime, he or she may also become removable. He or she will also receive an NTA if his or her situation requires it. The “appear” in the Notice To Appear is an advisory that you are permitted to plead your case before a judge, and to articulate any special circumstances.
In the uncertainty of this day and age, many undocumented parents are afraid for themselves and the specter of deportation, but are also afraid for their children. While children born in the United States are generally citizens, this does not prevent their possible mistreatment in an immigration system that is prone to mistakes and deliberate wrongdoing. If your family is facing this potentially scary scenario, it can be a big help to clarify the information you are receiving.
Uncertainty Can Have Health Impacts
According to a 2015 study on Latinx citizen children, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were statistically significantly higher in children with at least one detained or deported parent. The stress of living in fear of deportation has been tied to everything from low birth weights to behavioral problems.
Most immigrants who petition for a stay of deportation or removal will do so based on a law they believe helps their case. Sometimes, however, an undocumented person has to depend on what is called a cancellation of removal, which is essentially prosecutorial discretion, allowing him or her to stay in the U.S., though he or she technically lacks the right to remain. Among the requirements that must be demonstrated, the immigrant must show at least “exceptional” hardship to a U.S. citizen if he or she was to be deported. This standard has become all but impossible to meet.
In order to qualify for cancellation of removal under the Immigration & Nationality Act (INA), three requirements must be met. The alien must (1) not have been convicted of certain offenses and generally been a person of “good moral character” during his or her stay in the United States; (2) resided in the U.S. for at least 7 years (or been physically present for 10, if he or she seeks to adjust status); and (3) he or she must establish that his or her removal would result in “exceptional and extremely unusual hardship” to his or her U.S. citizen (or lawful permanent resident) spouse, parent, or child.
In this day and age, immigration enforcement has taken on an angle that many see as cruel. Media in the U.S. and in other countries have spoken up regarding the behavior of Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE), and immigrant rights groups in the country are making certain that the issue remains at the forefront of discussion.
However, in the midst of the actions being taken against both documented and undocumented immigrants, it is imperative to remember that immigrants, especially the undocumented, have rights. You are entitled to due process, even if you are in ICE custody.
Due Process Rights Are Clear ...
In the recent months since the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) began to crack down hard on all those lacking status, the plight of the United States’ immigration courts has come into sharp relief. A shortage of judges has led many to be unaware of the answer to the simple question of what an immigration judge even does—his or her function is quite different than the run-of-the-mill criminal or civil court judge. It can potentially change your approach to your removal case if you understand the true role of an appointed immigration judge.
Origins and Loyalties
Immigration judges are appointed by the Attorney General, who is the head of the Justice Department. The Justice Department is also the federal agency which houses the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), which oversees immigration matters at the basic and intermediate levels—immigration judges and the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) are both governed by EOIR rules.