While the current administration seems to be a never-ending Pandora’s box of nightmares for immigrants both documented and undocumented, one question that often comes up for those choosing to become U.S. citizens is whether or not newly gained naturalized citizenship can be lost. The answer is yes, but only in very specific situations - or at least, this was the case until the current administration came to power.
Voluntary Loss of Citizenship
It is possible for any U.S. citizen to voluntarily declare they no longer want their citizenship. This is called renunciation, and it effectively gives up all rights and privileges associated with being a U.S. citizen, including the right to live in the country without requiring a visa. It must be done in front of a U.S. consular officer or other official at an embassy abroad, and it must be stated clearly that the oath to renounce is being sworn with the full intent of giving up citizenship - if it is not, it has no legal effect.
Unlike lawful permanent residents (‘green card’ holders), naturalized citizens do not run the risk of voluntarily abandoning their immigration status if they live abroad for a long time. Green card holders must reside continuously in the U.S. for at least five years prior to filing, and be physically present in the country for at least 30 months out of the most recent five years, or they will be deemed to have abandoned their claims. Naturalized citizens do not have this issue - unless they voluntarily renounce their citizenship or do something which comes with the effect of renunciation, citizenship is for life....